“Public opinion reflects that of the Malawi Parliamentary Conservation Caucus: that trophy hunting is not welcome in Malawi. We value our reputation as a tourism destination too highly. And – where legal hunting can be used as a cover for illegal wildlife trade and undermine community sensitisation efforts – we believe that the questionable revenue is not worth the associated risks that could ultimately undermine conservation efforts.”Hon Commodius Nyirenda, MP and MPCC Spokesperson
Malawi proudly upheld its trophy hunting free status in December 2018
Wildlife Conservancies in Kenya. Wildlife conservancies offer hope. Today, conservancies in Kenya cover more than 6.3 million hectares, directly impact the lives of more than 700,000 households and secure the 65% of the country’s wildlife that is found outside national parks and reserves, read more about this initiative here
Lion Guardians’ conservation model is adaptable to various cultures and wildlife species. Founded on local value systems, community participation and science, it is based on a decade of research and rigorous measures of success. Our approach involves recruiting young, traditional Maasai and other pastoralist warriors to learn the skills needed to effectively mitigate conflicts between people and wildlife, monitor lion populations, and help their own communities live with lions. By actively engaging in our solutions-based conservation model, people who were once lion killers are transformed into lion protectors.
Colombia made the announcement that it would ban all sport hunting, in February this year, the ban will come into place from February 2020.
communities in Zambia
This video from Zambia this year, shows the successful conclusion of a community protest against animals being taken from a national wildlife park to stock a hunting concession.
The community celebrates as the government trucks leave the area without the 35 buffalo they were planning to move.
This highlights yet another problem with hunting concessions – they rely on wildlife reserves from elsewhere. The argument that hunting IS conservation is again shown to be fake news.
COMACO is another successful example of ‘alternatives’ to trophy hunting, where communities are lifting themselves out of poverty, poachers are being taught new skills, and wildlife is increasing. Poverty is a driver of poaching, so by tackling poverty and giving poachers alternative means of making a living both people and wildlife can benefit.
wildlife recovery after hunters leave
BOTSWANA – There were only 2 lions were left by hunters, now there are 100 lions – read more about The Selinda reserve in Botswana
ZIMBABWE Until three years ago — the Sapi Concession, in the far north of Zimbabwe — was a hunting ground, and, according to conservation manager Scott, the experience has left mental scars on much of the wildlife here, particularly the lions and elephants. But in 2016, the government leased the 463,000sq mile concession to eco-tourism operator Great Plains Conservation, which converted it into a private photographic reserve; a fine example of how the safari scene is evolving in Zimbabwe.
TANZANIA In the Serengeti, another example of wildlife recovery after depletion by hunters. In this 350,000 acres recovered in 2003 by the Grumeti Fund, it includes the involvement of people in job creation and creation of markets for farm produce, former poachers are now protectors of wildlife. Video below
tackling human wildlife conflict
– non lethally
Tackling the problems of human-wildlife conflict is critical to the success of conservation efforts in Africa, many rural communities are living on a subsistence level of farming, where destruction of crops by elephants or killing of livestock by predators is a threat to their very livelihoods. This conflict is often promoted by hunting advocates – the solution being the trophy hunters bullet for ‘problem animal control’. There are, however, many effective non-lethal solutions that benefit those who live alongside wildlife. Reducing conflict between wildlife and communities allows space for peaceful co-existence, and stops the killing cycle from perpetuating.
Protecting livestock from predators is an important step to reduce conflict with people. In Zimbabwe the Soft Foot Alliance uses an innovative ‘mobile boma’ to keep livestock safe from predators at night, this also has the benefit of collecting valuable manure in one area – thus fertilising areas that can then be planted with crops, with increased yield.
Another type of boma system is the Living walls – a triple win for livestock owners.
Other deterrents: Protecting crops from elephants with chilies and bees have proven effective in deterring elephants from crop-raiding, elephants do not like bees or chilies so they will stay away from both, the added benefit of both of these deterrents is that the deterrent is also produce; and honey and chilies can be useful additional source of income for farmers.
GRAD – Green Rural African Development has seen a lot of success with low-cost effective elephant proof fencing for communities that relieves tension between elephants and people.
investment for people and wildlife
Zimbabwe has benefitted from huge investment from large NGOs this year, none of this depends on the failing economic model of trophy hunting.
African Parks, in partnership with the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority (Zimparks), signed a 20-year agreement to manage Matusadona National Park on November 1st, 2019. At 1,470 km2, this stunning and unique landscape presents enormous potential for both wildlife and tourism. The lush landscape, consisting of undulating hills that quickly descend to abruptly flat grasslands, forms important habitat for a large diversity of savannah and woodland species. Apart from the astounding diversity of over 240 bird species, a healthy variety of mammal species still occur within Matusadona including lion, buffalo, elephant, waterbuck and impala. The Lake’s shoreline is guarded by a kilometre-wide, iconic drowned forest, and when combined along with the parks unique vegetation, offers considerable and unique tourism potential through game viewing, fishing and other lake and park activities.
IFAW have also stepped up and are investing in Zimbabwe. “Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority (ZimParks) and the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) today announced a ground-breaking partnership to enhance wildlife conservation in key protected areas in the country. The international non-governmental organisation and ZimParks will be working together in the Hwange-Matetsi ecosystem covering the iconic Hwange National Park, Zambezi NP and Victoria Falls NP, a designated UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site and adjoining community areas.”
Project funding UK government for community projects for people living alongside wildlife.