Alternatives to Trophy Hunting

positive projects that benefit people and wildlife

Tackling the problems of human-wildlife conflict is critical to the success of conservation efforts in Africa, many rural communities are living on a subsistence level of farming, where destruction of crops by elephants or killing of livestock by predators is a threat to their very livelihoods. This conflict is often promoted by hunting advocates as it keeps their trophy hunting dependent businesses in operation. Reducing conflict between wildlife and communities allows space for peaceful co-existence, and stops the killing cycle from perpetuating.

Protecting livestock from predators

Living walls – a triple win!

Protecting crops from elephants with chilies and bees


This video from Zambia, shows the successful ending to a community protest against animals being taken from a national wildlife park to stock a hunting concession.

The community celebrates as the government trucks leave the area without the 35 buffalo they were planning to move.

This highlights yet another problem with hunting concessions – they rely on wildlife reserves from elsewhere. The argument that hunting IS conservation is again shown to be fake news.

COMACO is a great example of alternatives to trophy hunting, where communities are lifting themselves out of poverty, poachers are being taught new skills, and wildlife is increasing. Poverty is a driver of poaching, so by tackling poverty and giving poachers alternative means of making a living both people and wildlife can benefit.

GRAD – Green Rural African Development has seen a lot of success with low-cost effective elephant proof fencing for communities that relieves tension between elephants and people.


Wildlife Conservancies in Kenya. Wildlife conservancies offer hope. Today, conservancies in Kenya cover more than 6.3 million hectares, directly impact the lives of more than 700,000 households and secure the 65% of the country’s wildlife that is found outside national parks and reserves, read more about this initiative here

Lion Guardians’ conservation model is adaptable to various cultures and wildlife species. Founded on local value systems, community participation and science, it is based on a decade of research and rigorous measures of success. Our approach involves recruiting young, traditional Maasai and other pastoralist warriors to learn the skills needed to effectively mitigate conflicts between people and wildlife, monitor lion populations, and help their own communities live with lions. By actively engaging in our solutions-based conservation model, people who were once lion killers are transformed into lion protectors.